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Home » » State of the World's Minorities and Indigenous Peoples 2010 - Indonesia

State of the World's Minorities and Indigenous Peoples 2010 - Indonesia

Written By Voice Of Baptist Papua on July 8, 2010 | 9:27 PM

Persecution of religious minorities continued throughout 2009. Followers of the Ahmaddiya religious group faced attacks from Islamist groups that consider them heretics. On 11 December 2009, for example, a group of people claiming to be members of the Islamic Defenders Front (FPI) raided a house in Jakarta where Ahmadis had held Friday prayers, according to news reports compiled by the Wahid Institute, a Jakarta-based non-profit organization. Police took six Ahmadis to the police station in order to prevent them from being physically harmed, a police chief said. The deputy head of the FPI Jakarta chapter later said that his group had initiated the raid and demanded that police detain the Ahmadis for violating a government decree. A decree handed down in June 2008 does not ban Ahmaddiya outright, but it prevents Ahmadis, who number about 200,000 in Indonesia, from spreading their beliefs and orders them to embrace 'mainstream Islam', according to the Wahid Institute. Local governments issued bans against Ahmaddiya and other religious groups, including al-Qiyadah al-Islamiya, according to IRFR 2009. Twelve Ahmaddiya mosques were destroyed in 2009, including one in South Jakarta that was set on fire on 2 June.Source......
In resource-rich West Papua, authorities continued to clamp down, sometimes violently, on indigenous peoples' activists peacefully seeking greater autonomy or independence. Members of Papuan indigenous communities, who number 800,000, have accused the central government of exploiting the province's natural resources, which include mineral deposits and forests, without compensating them. They have also raised concerns about non-Papuan migration into the province. On 29 January 2009, police in Nabire fired rubber bullets and injured at least five people who were demonstrating for local elections to be held, according to AI, which reported that police also beat demonstrators with rattan sticks and rifle butts. In January 2009, Papua's High Court extended the sentences of 11 protesters who were jailed after raising the banned Morning Star flag, a symbol of independence, in March 2008. The protesters were initially sentenced to eight months' imprisonment, but upon appeal the sentences were extended to three and a half years for one protester and three years for the others. On 6 April, police opened fire on students peacefully protesting the elections and calling on the UN to organize a referendum to determine the future of Papua. Four demonstrators were seriously injured, including a 10-year-old boy. Three days earlier, police arrested 20 student demonstrators and charged three with treason and incitement, charges that carry a maximum penalty of life imprisonment. These incidents were documented by HRW. In June 2009, HRW released a report documenting abuses by the Indonesian Special Forces,
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